The Sixth Sense is known the world over as M. Night Shyamalan’s masterpiece. Some say his only masterpiece, but I’m not going to trash the guy. I’m not a filmmaker so what right dare I trash the Master of the Plot Twist?!

Starring Bruce Willis and Haley Joel Osment, 1999’s The Sixth Sense is the story of a child psychologist who vows to help Cole, a young, socially isolated boy. Cole’s issues may stem from a troubled home life.

Or it could be something else entirely, something more sinister. Malcolm Crowe, his psychologist, is operating on a guilty conscience. His former patient broke into his house, months before, and shot him before turning the gun on himself.

Movie poster for The Sixth Sense, starring Bruce Willis. Bruce Willis and Haley Joel Osment are against a black background with an orange glow in the upper-right corner. The title is written in white at the bottom.
The Sixth Sense. Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

Vincent Grey, Malcolm’s suicidal former patient, exhibited signs of depression and schizophrenia in his youth. Sadly, Malcolm couldn’t pinpoint the exact cause of his anguish. Flash forward several years later and Vincent is certainly the worse for wear. He didn’t get the treatment he needed and snapped on a homicidal whim.

So, that’s the synopsis. Time to spoil the movie and reveal the legendary plot twist. Here we go.

The Famous Plot Twist

At film’s end, we discover Malcolm was dead the entire time. On second viewing, it becomes apparent that no one, except Cole the clairvoyant, interacted with Malcolm after he was shot in the first scene.

Strikingly, Malcolm didn’t physically interact with the objects around him, either. He wasn’t seen opening a single door. We assumed he simply did that between cuts. Turns out that wasn’t the case.

What’s more, we first thought his wife, Anna, was coldly ignoring him because their relationship was in a freefall. Again, we reevaluated her character after repeat viewings. Anna wasn’t ignoring her husband, she simply didn’t see or hear him. Anna was in a state of emotional limbo that widows go through. Malcolm was literally invisible to her.

…Or was he?

Scene in The Sixth Sense. Anna Crowe, played by Olivia Williams, is wearing a purple dress and dolled up with makeup. She's holding a glass of wine in a basement. Her shadown is ominously against the wall.
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

A Second Twist?

After recently viewing the film and based on my understanding of its lore, I believe Shyamalan buried a second twist beneath the film’s universally-known plot twist.

I believe Anna Crowe was gifted with the power of ghostwhispering, just like Cole and Vincent.

Before I go any further to state my case, I apologize in advance if Shyamalan, or any of the film’s producers, already addressed this. After excavating the bowels of Google, and scrolling through the iMDB trivia section, I haven’t found anything related to Anna Crowe being a clairvoyant.

So, without further ado, let’s get into the theory.

Scene in The Sixth Sense. Malcolm and his wife, Anna, are in their bedroom. They notice a strange presence in their bathroomand Malcolm investigates.
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

The Ghost-Seer Wife Theory

I posit that Anna Crowe, Malcolm’s wife, had the same ability to see and speak to the dead that Cole does. Since Anna is a background character with minimal screen time, the hints and allusions are easy to dismiss. Viewers spent the majority of the film focusing on Cole and Malcolm and forget there are other characters who have these abilities.

The Rules in the Sixth Sense Lore

Let’s focus on what these abilities are. During Cole’s infamous “I see dead people” revelation to Dr. Crowe, he lists three “rules” that govern the departed.

  1. They don’t see each other,
  2. They only see what they want to see, and
  3. They don’t know they’re dead
Scene in The Sixth Sense. Haley Joel Osment utters his famous "I see dead people" speech. He's in a hospital bed with a pink, woolen blanket.
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

The ghosts wander the Earth while seeking justice or closure. They’re oblivious to the plight of other spirits. Only living ghost-seers like Cole can see them all. Finally, because they’re in a state of denial about their deaths, they filter out oddities like not being able to do what normal humans can (e.g. opening doors and moving chairs).

The rules are pretty simple to understand, that is, until you watch the last fifteen minutes. There seems to be an unspoken FOURTH rule that was never specified. It’s a rule that is the cornerstone of the second twist theory and adds another narrative layer to the plot.

Breaking the Rules?

During the character-defining scene in the car, Cole and his mother, Lynn, open their communication channels at long last. Cole isn’t afraid of revealing his secret to Lynn anymore. He confides in her about his conversations with his dead, unseen grandmother.

We can infer Lynn had an acrimonious relationship with her mother while she was alive, so she initially prickled at Cole’s claims. To convince her, Cole revealed information that he’d have no other way of knowing:

She (Grandma) wanted me to tell you she saw you dance…when you were little, you and her had a fight, right before your dance recital. You thought she didn’t come see you dance…She hid in the back so you wouldn’t see. She said you were like an angel.

Cole Sear
Scene in The Sixth Sense. Lynn Sear, played by Toni Colette, is in the car talking with her son. She's covering her mouth and is in tears as she learns the truth about her mother.
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

Throughout the film, Cole learns the value of helping others, both living and dead. Some people in the real world and the world of The Sixth Sense are metaphorical ghosts. They’re people in limbo and cannot move on from the past. By communicating, we can enlist the help of others and, in turn, we can help them.

While the scene brought Cole’s character arc to a satisying conclusion, it still betrayed a certain oddity. I don’t want to go so far as to call it a plot hole, because it really isn’t. The oddity lies in the next sentence Cole says about his grandmother.

She said you came to the place where they buried her. Asked her a question? She said the answer is… “Every day”. 

Cole Sear
Scene in The Sixth Sense. Cole, played by Haley Joel Osment, is telling his mother about what his grandmother told him.
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

Don’t see it? Read it again. “She said you came to the place where they buried her.

A ghost told Cole she saw her place of burial and knew it was her place of burial…The ghost knew she was dead. Further, she knew Lynn was not hearing her answer and thus asked Cole to relay it to her daughter. These bits of information are in direct conflict with rules two and three of the film’s lore (“They see what they want to see” and “They don’t know they’re dead”).

To viewers who weren’t caught up in the emotional crescendo of Cole’s and Lynn’s character development, this scene raised a serious question: How was Cole’s grandma aware that she was dead?

Fortunately, the next scene provides a coherent answer.

The Crowes and the Fourth Rule

When Malcolm finds Anna sleeping on the couch, he is flummoxed by her muttering “Why did you leave me Malcolm?”

“I never left you” he replied. Suddenly, Anna drops an object that rolls across the floor and clatters at her husband’s feet. His wedding ring. Wait, why does his wife have his ring? Why is he NOT wearing his ring? How—Why—

The revelation hits him like a tsunami. He’s been dead the whole time. His lovely wife wasn’t ignoring him, no, no. She was grieving. She didn’t acknowledge his presence simply because she couldn’t see or hear him.

Scene in The Sixth Sense. Malcolm is sitting and watching Anna sleep. Anna is holding a red blanket.
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

After a series of flashbacks, Malcolm comes to terms with his death and is ready to move on to the afterlife. But not before giving Anna some parting words.

“I think I can go now. Just needed to do a couple of things. I needed to help someone; I think I did. And I needed to tell you something: you were never second, ever. I love you. You sleep now. Everything will be different in the morning.”

Malcolm Crowe

Sleepily, yet strangely, Anna responds directly to him. “Good night, Malcolm.”

“Good night, sweetheart.” And the film fades to white before showing us one last glimpse of the married couple’s first kiss in holy matrimony.

Ghosts Speaking through Dreams (Fourth Rule explained)

But, wait. Hold the phone. Did Anna directly communicate with her dead husband in her sleep? How is this possible? One may surmise that ghosts can communicate with ANYONE in their sleep. I do have a query to that, though.

Why didn’t Kyra tell her father about her mother poisoning her with pine cleaner? Why didn’t Lynn’s mother communicate with her daughter through her sleep to fix their unresolved issues? Instead, both ghosts had to go through Cole to relay their messages. Why?

Scene in The Sixth Sense. Kyra, the dead girl, hides beneath her bed and pushes a box to Cole.
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

The simple answer is: Because Lynn and Kyra’s father did not have the ability to speak to the dead. The unsaid fourth rule governing the dead is ghosts must first become self-aware before communicating with sleeping ghost-seers. Cole seemed to be aware of this rule when he advised Malcolm to talk to his wife in her sleep.

Anna hearing her husband’s voice in the end strongly indicates she was gifted with this unique ability, as Cole and Vincent were.

Further, the fourth rule fixes the “plot hole” of the grandmother’s ghost being self-aware. It may also explain, symbolically, why we never see the grandmother onscreen. Maybe it’s because Cole himself never sees her, but can only hear her voice at night. The viewers only see what Cole and Malcolm see.

Anna’s Reaction to Vincent

Back to Vincent. Donnie Wahlberg’s role was relegated to a two-minute cameo. It goes without saying his role had a fundamental impact on the film at large. Vincent’s actions pushed Malcolm to help Cole and ease his guilty conscience before he was spirited away.

In two minutes of screen time, Vincent not only spurred crucial development for Dr. Crowe, he also unexpectedly revealed crucial information about Crowe’s wife.

Scene in The Sixth Sense. Vincent Grey, played by Donnie Wahlberg, is in Malcolm's bathroom, in his underwear. He's on the verge of tears.
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

Reaction Shot – “Do You Know Why You’re Afraid When You’re Alone?”

Do you remember Vincent’s most unsettling line? “Do you know why you’re afraid when you’re alone? I do. I do.”

It was established that Vincent Grey had the same powers Cole did. The reason they were troubled youths is they constantly saw and experienced horrors not meant for the living. Malcolm didn’t give Vincent the correct diagnosis and the latter’s condition deteriorated as a result.

Now, this is a blink-and-you’ll-miss-it piece of storytelling, so bear with me. This sequence occurs during the 8:08-8:14 mark. As Vincent says his line, he makes direct eye contact with Anna. As he’s talking, it cuts to a reaction shot of her face.

In filmography, a reaction shot is a basic, yet essential, technique. It shows a character’s facial reaction to something being said or something happening offscreen. The purpose is to visually show information about said character making the reaction.

Scene in The Sixth Sense. Anna Crowe is making a confused expression to Vincent, shown offscreen.
Anna’s Reaction Shot (1/2)
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.
Scene in The Sixth Sense. Anna Crowe is making a shocked expression to Vincent, shown offscreen.
Anna’s Reaction Shot (2/2)
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

In Anna’s case, her reaction to what Vincent said was quite striking. At first her eyebrows furrowed in confusion before her eyes widened in shock and horror. Was she shocked because of the “chill” she got in the wine cellar during the first scene? Did she subtly realize that maybe Vincent was down there with her?

Sorry, but I have to take that notion with a pinch of salt. Vincent actually entered the house through their bedroom window, and the position of the glass shards showed it was broken from the outside. He also appeared and shot Malcolm in the same room he broke in from. It’s unlikely he was anywhere near the cellar.

Mise-en-scène

Why did the film show Anna’s moment of subtle shock? Remember, this is a Hollywood film. Directors are very punctilious about what they show in every scene. This is especially true of M. Night Shyamalan, especially in The Sixth Sense. He paid extra attention to the visual details to prepare us for the “dead psychologist” twist.

For instance, when Cole tells Malcolm that he can see dead people, his eyes subtly dart to his psychologist’s bullet wound. The mise-en-scène, or scene arrangement, shows us the story beyond what is being said. Nothing shown in this film was a random mistake or coincidence.

I may have an explanation for Anna’s mysterious reaction to Vincent’s question, and it’s bolstered by what we’ve been discussing in this article! Ready? Here goes: Anna knew precisely what Vincent was referring to. She knew about Vincent’s condition because she had it, too.

Wife a Former Patient?

If Anna had the same condition as Vincent, and her husband was a psychiatrist, does this mean she was one of Malcolm’s former patients? Did Malcolm somehow alleviate her suffering despite Anna not providing explicit details of seeing ghosts? When Malcolm first dealt with Cole, ghostwhispering was an entirely new phenomenon to him.

Having said that, it’s important to remember that he went through sessions with Vincent without so much a mention of ghosts. It’s not a stretch to think he treated Anna without those two discussing ghosts, either. Let’s also consider that therapists having relationships with former patients has happened before.

After all, you’re sharing intimate details about yourself with somebody while warming up to their presence, why wouldn’t you feel a romantic connection with them? It’s bound to happen for some, no?

woman in white long sleeve shirt sitting on gray couch
Photo by cottonbro on Pexels.com

(Re)reevaluating Anna Crowe

During our first viewing of the film, we assumed Anna was cold and distant toward her husband. We loathed her for it. But after the first twist was revealed, we retroactively forgave her. She wasn’t ignoring Malcolm, we told ourselves, she was simply oblivious to his presence. Or so we thought.

If we accept the “twist beneath the twist,” we’d have to once again reevaluate her actions. We can infer Anna had a more numb, blasé, and even down-to-earth approach to her abilities compared to Cole and Vincent.

If Anna truly saw the dead, and truly saw her husband after his death, we may have to accept that she really was a distant wife, after all. Was Anna truly heartless?

Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

Coping with an Infirm Spouse

Really, I don’t think it’s that simple. There’s plenty of nuances to consider here. Remember the third rule, that these ghosts “see what they want to see.” What do you think life was like with Malcom’s ghost after his death? He didn’t acknowledge the end of his life until “the next fall”, according to on-screen text. It’s possible Malcolm conveniently ignored and “forgot” his wife trying to tell him about his passing.

man hands people woman
Photo by Kindel Media on Pexels.com

Think of it this way. Dementia and Alzheimer’s are terrible diseases that slowly rob you of your memory and neurological functions. It’s traumatizing, not only for the patient, but their family as well.

Your former self gradually withers away and you and your loved ones know the worst is coming. In essence, Anna was dealing with an invisible dementia patient inside her own home. She didn’t have a choice but to put up a literal barrier to save herself further pain.

Could that be the reason she barricaded the red-knobbed door to the cellar, also her ghostly husband’s workplace? Anna knew he had a job to do before moving on. She didn’t want to distract him from his work by accidently going down for a drink of wine.

Disappointment in her Husband

Was Anna really indifferent toward Malcolm? Maybe she was. But what if this indifference was rooted in Malcolm’s indifference toward Vincent? What if Anna was disappointed in Malcolm not taking his professional duties seriously?

What if she wanted Malcolm to own up to his mistakes and focus his energies on helping those in need, instead of trying in vain to get her attention?

After Malcolm came to terms with his death and accomplished what he set out to do, Anna was at peace. She finally saw her husband take his profession seriously, in the same way he took Anna’s condition seriously as they fell in love.

“Good night, Malcolm.” she whispered happily, huffing out a cold breath.

Cold Breath

One last detail before we wrap up. Anna and Cole were the only characters shown to exhale a foggy breath in the presence of ghosts. It was established that ghosts can lower room temperatures by simply being there.

I’m not sure if Anna’s breath in the last scene meant anything. The fog could’ve been a Danny Phantom-style “ghost sense,” who knows? But the phenomenon was inconsistent throughout and therefore, isn’t worth using as “evidence.”

Scene in The Sixth Sense. Anna is sleeping and breathing out a cold breath.
Hollywood Pictures. 1999.

A scene showed Lynn shivering while having dinner with her son. Malcolm acknowledged getting the “chill” when Cole told him about it. But could that have been a psychologist simply validating his patient’s feelings?

When the ghosts opened up the drawers and cabinets during the breakfast scene, why didn’t Lynn or Cole shiver? Why didn’t Cole clatter his teeth when getting near the closet at the top of the staircase at the party? Sure, Vincent noted feeling cold in one of Dr. Crowe’s tapes, but like I said, the “rule” didn’t have much consistency. Still interesting enough to mention, nonetheless.

The Shyamalan-Verse

It isn’t beyond Shyamalan’s ability or inclination to plant subtle details to use for further installments. He already introduced Kevin Wendell Crumb to us fifteen years before Split! Remember the scene in Unbreakable when David Dunn bumped into a mother and her son, before hearing multiple voices?

Image of three different movie posters. From left to right: Unbreakable, Split, and Glass. All directed by M. Night Shyamalan.
Eastrail 177 Trilogy. Unbreakable. Split. Glass. M. Night Shyamalan. Disney. 2000. Universal. 2016 and 2019.

Yup, that was the same villain, with dissociative identity disorder, who showed up a decade-and-a-half later! Maybe Shyamalan has/had plans with Anna Crowe showcasing her clairvoyancy, or maybe he doesn’t. But I wouldn’t put it past him.

Regardless of his intentions, I feel this theory adds a nice layer of complexity to an already beautiful and well-written story. It’s the theory of a twist…beneath a twist!

Thanks for reading! Did this theory intrigue you? Or am I just full of it? Leave a comment!😀


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